No DDT – the impact on your dividend income

Share on whatsapp
Share via Whatsapp
Share on twitter
Tweet it out
Share on facebook
Share on FB
Share on linkedin
Post on LinkedIn
  • Insurance, gold or other assets cannot protect you against emergencies. You need a dedicated fund
  • The ability to encash it quickly is the primary quality you should look for while choosing these investments
  • Returns and tax efficiency don’t matter
  • Stick to breakable FDs with top banks
  • 9 months’ expenses are good, but may need tweaks for certain situations

When the Finance Act in 2003 brought back the divided distribution tax (DDT), the idea was simple. It is hard to keep tab of individual taxpayers’ dividend income. Let companies deduct it. This was convenient both for the government and for you. The government did not have to go behind tax evaders, and you did not feel the pain (directly) nor the hassle of filing and paying tax on the dividend income.budget tax change

The Budget proposal 10 days ago that gets rid of DDT, however, changes things for you. You must now take stock of whether it makes sense for you to continue the dividend option in mutual funds and how else to plan for dividends from stocks.

Please note that the discussion in this article is restricted to impact on individual investors and not institutions.

Impact of tax on your stock dividends

Currently, for stocks, a DDT of 20.56% (15% on gross dividend plus surcharge of 12% plus cess of 4%) is deducted. So, if a company had a surplus of Rs 100, you got 100 minus 20.56, that is, Rs 79.44 in your hands. If you were in the 30% tax bracket, then the DDT was lesser than your own tax slab. But if you had been in the 5% tax bracket, the DDT was not beneficial.

The above is flipped now with the new budget proposal. The imposition of tax on your dividend income is positive for low taxpayers (see table below) and negative for those in 30% tax bracket.

Impact from FY-21 when dividend income is taxed in your hands (old tax slabs)

File could not be opened. Check the file's permissions to make sure it's readable by your server.

*30% tax slab split into various income buckets

Note that the dividend tax of 10% if your dividend income exceeds Rs 10 lakh a year has been removed under the proposed dividend taxation rules.

Under the new tax slab proposed, those earning income up to Rs 12.5 lakh (slab up to 15%) will still benefit if their dividend income is taxed in their hands, compared with DDT earlier.

How your net income reduces: For those slabs where we have mentioned it is negative, what we mean is that you will have less net income in hand than you had under the DDT regime. The table below will tell you how you will get to keep less.

File could not be opened. Check the file's permissions to make sure it's readable by your server.

For those in the Rs 10-50 lakh bracket. For those over Rs 50 lakh, the income further reduces. We have not considered TDS for simplicity sake. TDS will be deducted at 10% for dividend in excess of Rs 5,000.

What can stock dividend earners do

  • For those who are going to pay marginally higher tax (say those in the Rs 10 lakh to Rs 1 crore of total income) on their dividend income, there is not much of a choice. It simply becomes necessary for you to keep tab of the dividend income (possibly by maintaining a separate account), adjusting TDS deducted (for dividend exceeding Rs 5,000) and paying your taxes. However, if your dividend income is a large chunk of your other income, consider the option mentioned in the next point.
  • For HNIs earning over Rs 1 crore income, if your dividend income is a large chunk of your other income, it is perhaps time to relook at deploying some amount through the mutual fund route or increase exposure to MFs, if the taxes are indeed denting you big time. This is because when mutual funds earn dividends from the portfolio holdings, they do not have to pay tax on it given the way they are structured (pass through vehicles). So, the dividend on the underlying portfolio essentially gets redeployed without being taxed.

Also, remember, with mutual funds, you have a choice not to opt for dividend and go for growth option. This lever is not available in stocks as you do not have control over companies’ dividend declaration.

Impact for mutual fund investors

Mutual funds up until now have 2 DDT structures separately for equity and debt funds. For equity funds it is 10% plus surcharge plus cess – effectively a charge of 11.65%. For debt funds it is 25% plus surcharge plus cess – 29.12%.

Equity funds: For equity fund investors who used options such as balanced advantage or equity savings or arbitrage to generate dividend, only those in the tax brackets up to  10% will stand to benefit. The rest, whether under the old or new tax slab, stand to lose. While dividend was never a sustainable option for equity funds, they will turn completely unattractive now, tax-wise as well.

Debt funds: With debt funds, the impact is felt if you are in the 30% tax bracket or above in the current tax slab.

In the new tax slab regime, those up to 25% tax bracket (or income up to Rs 15 lakh) will not be impacted – that is, they do not stand to fork over more tax. However, there were and are far more tax-efficient options than dividend.

The following points will tell you what to do with your investments.

What you can do

  • If you are using the dividend option in debt funds to generate income, move for the growth option with systematic withdrawal plan (SWP) as they are far more tax efficient for any tax bracket. This is simply because every time you withdraw (automated withdrawal), only a small part is considered as gain and taxed. The rest is considered as capital. However, with dividends, the entire amount will be taxable.
  • If you were using the daily dividend option for STPs or dividend reinvestment options, it is going to be a big hassle henceforth. The hassle comes from maintaining a record of dividend received, which is tough to compile in the reinvestment option. This is true of many HNIs who were using this route, given their high tax bracket of over 30%. You will be better off doing systematic withdrawal plan or switching to growth.
  • Think before using liquid ETFs as they may have (like the most liquid one, Nippon Liquid BeES does) a dividend reinvestment option and you must therefore keep tab of the dividends received and pay the tax on it.
  • Even if you are in the low tax bracket, the hassle of having to pay tax on dividends (especially if the dividend is frequent) is best avoided by opting for growth or SWP.
Share on whatsapp
Share via Whatsapp
Share on twitter
Tweet it out
Share on facebook
Share on FB
Share on linkedin
Post on LinkedIn

Please note that any specific queries on any of our recommendations will be answered ONLY through email. If you are a subscriber, please mail contact@primeinvestor.in.  Only general queries or discussions will be answered through the comment section of the blog. For full details, please refer to this post – How to communicate with PrimeInvestor.

4 thoughts on “No DDT – the impact on your dividend income”

  1. Very well explained. I have one doubt though – the 10% TDS on dividend is for mutual funds and stocks both OR only for mutual funds?

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Register for FREE!

Gain instant access to more PrimeInvestor articles, researched products, and portfolios

The essence of PrimeInvestor

Register for FREE!

Gain instant access to more PrimeInvestor articles, researched products, and portfolios

Legal Disclaimer : Redwood Research (with brand name PrimeInvestor) is an independent research entity offering research services on personal finance products to customers. We are a SEBI registered Research Analyst (Registration: INH200007478). The content and reports generated by the entity does not constitute or is not intended to constitute an offer to buy or sell, or a solicitation to an offer to buy or sell financial products, units or securities. All content and information is provided on an ‘As Is’ basis by PrimeInvestor. Information herein is believed to be reliable but PrimeInvestor does not warrant its completeness or accuracy and expressly disclaims all warranties and conditions of any kind, whether express or implied. The services rendered by PrimeInvestor are on a best effort basis. PrimeInvestor does not assure or guarantee the user any minimum or fixed returns. PrimeInvestor or any of its officers, directors, partners, employees, agents, subsidiaries, affiliates or business associates will not liable for any losses, cost of damage incurred consequent upon relying on investment information, research opinions or advice or any other material/information whatsoever on the web site, reports, mails or notifications issued by PrimeInvestor or any other agency appointed/authorised by PrimeInvestor. Use of the above-said information is at the user’s own risk. The user must make his own investment decisions based on his specific investment objective and financial position and using such independent advisors as he believes necessary. All intellectual property rights emerging from this website, blog, and investment solutions are and shall remain with PrimeInvestor. All material made available is meant for the user’s personal use and such user shall not resell, copy, or redistribute the newsletter or any part of it, or use it for any commercial purpose. PrimeInvestor, or any of its officers, directors, employees, or subsidiaries have not received any compensation/ benefits whether monetary or in kind, from the AMC, company, government, bank or any other product manufacturer or third party, whose products are the subject of its research or investment information. The performance data quoted represents past performance and does not guarantee future results. Investing in financial products involves risk. Mutual Fund Investments are subject to market risk, read all scheme related documents carefully. As a condition to accessing PrimeInvestor’s content and website, you agree to our Terms and Conditions of Use, available here. This service is not directed for access or use by anyone in a country, especially, USA, Canada or the European Union countries, where such use or access is unlawful or which may subject Redwood Research or its affiliates to any registration or licensing requirement.

• Aditya Birla Mutual Fund • Axis Mutual Fund • Baroda Mutual Fund • BNP Paribas Mutual Fund • BOI AXA Mutual Funds • Canara Robeco Mutual Fund • DSP Mutual Fund • Edelweiss Mutual Fund • Essel Mutual Fund • Franklin Templeton Mutual Fund • HDFC Mutual Fund • HSBC Mutual Fund • ICICI Mutual Fund • IDBI Mutual Fund • IDFC Mutual Fund • IIFL Mutual Fund • Indiabulls Mutual Fund • Invesco Mutual Fund • ITI Mutual Fund • Kotak Mahindra Mutual Fund • L&T Mutual Fund • LIC Mutual Fund • Mahindra Mutual Fund • Mirae Asset Mutual Fund • Motilal Oswal Mutual Fund • Nippon India Mutual Fund • PGIM Mutual Fund • PPFAS Mutual Fund • Principal Mutual Fund • Quant Mutual Fund • Quantum Mutual Fund • Sahara Mutual Fund • SBI Mutual Fund • Shriram Mutual Fund • Sundaram Mutual Fund • Tata Mutual Funds • Taurus Mutual Funds • Union Mutual Funds • UTI Mutual Funds • Yes Mutual Funds

Equity: Large Cap Funds | Mip Cap Funds | Large And Mid Cap Funds | Small Cap Mutual Funds | Contra Mutual Funds | Dividend Yield | Focused Mutual Funds | Find Top Index Funds | Best Sector Funds | Thematic Mutual Fund | Best Value Mutual Funds | Equity Linked Savings Scheme | Tax Saving Funds
Debt: Banking And PSU Funds | Corporate Bond Funds | Credit Risk Funds Mutual Funds | Dynamic Bond Funds | Floating Rate Funds | Gilt Mutual Funds India | Find Top Liquid Funds In India | Long term debt funds | Low Duration Funds Debt Funds | Medium Duration Debt Funds | Medium To Long Duration Funds | Money Market Debt Funds | Overnight Debt Funds | Short Duration Debt Funds | Ultra Short Term Debt Fund
Hybrid: Aggressive Hybrid Funds | Arbitrage Mutual Funds | Balanced Advantage Mutual Funds | Conservative Hybrid Funds | Dynamic Asset Allocation | Equity Saving Funds | Multi Asset Funds | Multi Asset Allocation

Scroll to Top
Login to your account